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VOLUME 82 | ISSUE 12 | PAGE 863
Josephson Effect in a Coulomb-blockaded SINIS Junction
P. M. Ostrovsky, M. V. Feigel'man

L. D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, 119334 Moscow, Russia

PACS: 73.21.-b, 74.45.+c, 74.50.+r
The problem of Josephson current through Coulomb-blocked nanoscale superconductor-normal-superconductor structure with tunnel contacts is reconsidered. Two different contributions to the phase-biased supercurrent I(\varphi) are identified, which are dominant in the limits of weak and strong Coulomb interaction. Full expression for the free energy valid at arbitrary Coulomb strength is found. The current derived from this free energy interpolates between known results for weak and strong Coulomb interaction as phase bias changes from 0 to π. In the broad range of Coulomb strength the current-phase relation is substantially non-sinusoidal and qualitatively different from the case of semi-ballistic SNS junctions. Coulomb interaction leads to appearance of a local minimum in the current at some intermediate value of phase difference applied to the junction.

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