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VOLUME 78 | ISSUE 11 | PAGE 1203
Dark matter from SU(4) model
G. E. Volovik
Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland
L. D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, 117334 Moscow, Russia


PACS: 12.10.-g, 12.60.Rc, 95.35.+d
Abstract
The left-right symmetric Pati-Salam model of the unification of quarks and leptons is based on SU(4) and SU(2)\times SU(2) symmetry groups. These groups are naturally extended to include the classification of families of quarks and leptons. We assume that the family group (the group which unites the families) is also the SU(4) group. The properties of the fourth-generation of fermions are the same as that of the ordinary-matter fermions in first three generations except for the family charge of the SU(4)F group: F=(1/3,1/3,1/3,-1), where F=1/3 for fermions of ordinary matter and F=-1 for the fourth-generation fermions. The difference in F does not allow the mixing between ordinary and fourth-generation fermions. Because of the conservation of the F charge, the creation of baryons and leptons in the process of electroweak baryogenesis must be accompanied by the creation of fermions of the 4-th generation. As a result the excess nB of baryons over antibaryons leads to the excess n_{4\nu}=N-{\bar
N} of neutrinos over antineutrinos in the 4-th generation with n= nB. This massive neutrino may form the non-baryonic dark matter. In principle the mass density of the 4-th neutrino n mN in the Universe can give the main contribution to the dark matter, since the lower bound on the neutrino mass mN from the data on decay of the Z-bosons is mN>mZ/2. The straightforward prediction of this model leads to the amount of cold dark matter relative to baryons, which is an order of magnitude bigger than allowed by observations. This inconsistency may be avoided by non-conservation of the F-charge.


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