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VOLUME 23 | ISSUE 12 | PAGE 627
HF diamagnetism and three-dimension cyclotron solitons in a plasma
Cyclotron oscillations at double, triple, etc. the electron cyclotron frequency can produce non-spreading three-dimensional packets—solitons. They can be fed by a beam of electrons or, in the case of HF heating, by an electromagnetic wave. In an unstable plasma, solitons have a certain margin of stability. The x-ray bursts sometimes observed in tokomaks can be attributed to the collapse of a large number of excitons.

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