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VOLUME 89 | ISSUE 11 | PAGE 627
z=3 Lifshitz-Horava model and Fermi-point scenario of emergent gravity
G. E. Volovik
Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland
Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, 119334 Moscow, Russia

PACS: 04.02.Cv, 11.30.Cp, 12.60.-i
Recently Horava proposed a model for gravity which is described by the Einstein action in the infrared, but lacks the Lorentz invariance in the high-energy region where it experiences the anisotropic scaling. We test this proposal using two condensed matter examples of emergent gravity: acoustic gravity and gravity emerging in the fermionic systems with Fermi points. We suggest that quantum hydrodynamics, which together with the quantum gravity is the non-renormalizable theory, may exhibit the anisotropic scaling in agreement with the proposal. The Fermi point scenario of emergent general relativity demonstrates that under general conditions, the infrared Einstein action may be distorted, i.e. the Horava parameter λ is not necessarily equal 1 even in the low energy limit. The consistent theory requires special hierarchy of the ultra-violet energy scales and the fine-tuning mechanism for the Newton constant.

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