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VOLUME 76 | ISSUE 5 | PAGE 296
Black-hole horizon and metric singularity at the brane separating two sliding superfluids
G. E. Volovik
Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland
Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, 117940 Moscow, Russia


PACS: 04.50.+h, 04.70.Dy, 47.20.Ft, 67.57.De
Abstract
An analog of black hole can be realized in the low-temperature laboratory. The horizon can be constructed for the `relativistic' ripplons (surface waves) living on the brane. The brane is represented by the interface between two superfluid liquids, 3He-A and 3He-B, sliding along each other without friction. Similar experimental arrangement has been recently used for the observation and investigation of the Kelvin-Helmholtz type of instability in superfluids [Kelvin-HelmholtzInstabilitySuperfluids]. The shear-flow instability in superfluids is characterized by two critical velocities. The lowest threshold measured in recent experiments [Kelvin-HelmholtzInstabilitySuperfluids] corresponds to appearance of the ergoregion for ripplons. In the modified geometry this will give rise to the black-hole event horizon in the effective metric experienced by ripplons. In the region behind the horizon, the brane vacuum is unstable due to interaction with the higher-dimensional world of bulk superfluids. The time of the development of instability can be made very long at low temperature. This will allow us to reach and investigate the second critical velocity - the proper Kelvin-Helmholtz instability threshold. The latter corresponds to the singularity inside the black hole, where the determinant of the effective metric becomes infinite.


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