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VOLUME 65 | ISSUE 6 | PAGE 465
Fermionic entropy of the vortex state in d-wave superconductors
In the d-wave superconductors the electronic entropy related to one isolated vortex logarithmically diverges with the size of the system even at low temperature. In the vortex array the entropy per one vortex per layer, Sy, is essentially larger than kg and depends on the distribution of the velocity field v, around the vortex. If there is a first order transition with the change of the velocity distribution, then there will be a big entropy jump ASy ~ Ikg at the transition. This entropy jump comes from the electronic degrees of freedom on the vortex background, which is modified by the vortex transition. This can explain the big jump in the entropy observed in the so called vortex melting transition [1], in which the vortex array and thus the velocity field are redistributed. The possibility of the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz Thouless transition in the 3-dimensional d-wave superconductor due to the fermionic bound states in the vortex background is discussed. PACS: 74.20.-z, 74.72.-h